Treatment for haemorrhoids will depend on the position (internal, external or mixed) and severity of symptoms.
There are several treatment options for haemorrhoids, which include:
Conventional haemorrhoidectomy surgery
Conventional haemorrhoidectomy is a short procedure performed under general anaesthetic to remove external haemorrhoids or prominent skin tags. The wound is located close to the anus, with a hospital stay of two to three days and postoperative pain lasting one to two weeks.
Stapled haemorrhoidopexy is a short procedure performed under general anaesthetic to remove haemorrhoids using a specialised circular stapler and repair the mucosa, while pulling the haemorrhoidal tissue back into the anal canal. There is no external wound, and postoperative pain is reduced considerably compared to conventional haemorrhoidectomy.
Haemorrhoids can be treated topically using specialised ointments and suppositories to reduce bleeding and swelling. Oral medications can be prescribed, generally fiber supplements, to relive symptoms and constrict haemorrhoid vessels.
Rubber band ligation (RBL)
Haemorrhoids can be removed through a rubber band ligation process by your colorectal surgeon. This involves ligating the haemorrhoid with a rubber band to cut off the blood supply, which leads to the haemorrhoid sloughing off spontaneously due to a lack of blood supply. After the procedure, patients may experience a slight sense of urgency regarding bowel movements.
Internal haemorrhoids can be treated by your colorectal surgeon by injecting a sclerosant into the haemorrhoid vessels which will be obliterated due to the chemical reaction.